Staining Decks

 Staining Decks

An unstained deck will weather to a uniform grey color that is quiet acceptable to many deck owners.  Others feel that the natural grey is too drab or just plain old looking.  While it is not necessary to stain your deck it is one of the best ways to keep your deck looking new over time.  Stains can and will add some protection to your deck but aesthetics is the primary reason to stain a deck.    If protection is your only concern then deck sealing is recommended. (See Sealing Decks)  Some stains now come with sealer included.  I only recommend using transparent or semi- transparent stain/sealer products.

Oil or Latex

Stains are available in traditional oil base or newer latex (water) based varieties.   The image of deckslatex based stains are available in a wide variety of colors and shades but be warned, they tend to go on thicker and build up on the surface more than most oil based stains.  Because of this surface buildup, wear patterns are common where foot traffic is the heaviest.  Latex stains will look great when first applied but many times I have encountered  home owners who regretted using latex stains after a few years.  Once latex stain is applied to a deck, oil based stains can never be used on that deck.   Do your research before choosing any stain, once a deck is stained your choice is permanent.

Some oil based stains are also thick enough to build up on the surface and are subject to the same wear pattern issues described in the previous paragraph. I have seen this most often in stains that were “red” or “Barn red” in color.  If you wish to avoid these issues I recommend using a semi transparent oil based stain.  The pigment is drawn down into the wood imparting a color while highlighting the natural wood grain without covering it up.  Color or shade options are not as great as with the latex stains but if you find a color you like it will hold up well and can easily be reapplied when it fades.

Preparation

If your deck is new let it dry out a few weeks before staining it.  Choose a time when it has not rained for several days and rain is not likely for at least 24 hours.  If you have an older  deck you may need to clean it to remove any stains or mildew.(See Hands on Deck ~ How to properly  power wash a deck)  Make sure it is dry following the same guidelines as for a new deck.  Do not apply stain on a deck that has recently been sealed as the stain will not adhere properly. Wait a minimum of one year after sealing to apply stain and then it is advisable to test a small area first.

Nail or screw down any loose boards and replace any damaged boards.  Check to see that the rails are secure and pickets are not loose. Remove any planters, bird feeders or other ornaments that are attached to the deck and remove all furniture.  Decide on a plan of action that will permit you to stain all areas of the deck while ending up on the steps so you are not trapped in a corner.

Tools

Stain may be applied in several ways. The most common are brush, roller, pad,  pump sprayer and airless sprayer.  Each have advantages and drawbacks.  Brushing is the most versatile way to apply stain. With a brush (and a little practice)  you can reach all areas to

Brush for staining decks

be stained and also keep stain off areas where you don’t want it.  Brushing can be quite time consuming though.  Roller application is fast but will not allow access in tight corners and between the cracks in boards. Pad applicators allow the control of a brush and the speed of a roller however they tend to wear out quickly and like a roller won’t get into cracks well.  Pump up sprayers and airless Staining decks

 

 

sprayers are very fast but over-spray is a major issue. If you wind up with stain on your house, shrubs or the car any time you saved will be used in cleaning up the mess.  Using an airless or pump up sprayer and immediately going over any drips or uneven areas with a brush is an effective strategy to apply the stain quickly while maintaining quality.

Tips

  • Wear cloths and shoes that you don’t mind getting stain on!
  • Wear neoprene gloves (stain is very difficult to remove from hands)
  • Stir your stain thoroughly and often
  • If you have more than one can mix all cans together to ensure uniform color
  • Start with the rails and work down to the floor
  • Stain the band, under pinning (if applicable) and steps last
  • Keep drips to a minimum and wipe over them before they dry
  • Maintain a wet edge to avoid overlap marks after stain has dried
  • If you must stop try to finish up a complete board (to avoid overlap marks)
  • Danger of spontaneous combustion!  Read and follow manufacturers recommendations for disposal of stain soaked items including brushes, roller covers, pads and especially clean up rags.(this applies to oil based stains)

If using a brush:

  • Use only genuine china bristle brush (oil base)
  • Use synthetic bristle brush (latex)
  • Apply uniform amount of stain and back brush for best coverage
  • Maintain a wet edge
  • Work from top to bottom
  • Mask or shield areas as needed to keep stain off

If using a pad or roller:

  • Maintain a wet edge
  • Work from top to bottom
  • Touch up as needed with brush

If using pump or airless sprayer:

  • Mask or cover all areas that are subject to over-spray
  • Do not spray on windy days
  • Apply a uniform coat of stain
  • Work from top to bottom
  • Touch up as needed with a brush

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About Tony Wood

Tony is a life time resident of North Carolina with over 30 years experience in multiple facets of the industrial, commercial and residential construction industry. For the past 23 years he has owned and operated Wood’s Home Maintenance Service, providing services primarily in Johnston, Wake and Sampson Counties of North Carolina. ______________ ______________________________________________________ The information contained in this Blog is opinion derived, from hands on experience of over 30 years in the construction industry and by extensive research by the author. All postulations are referenced to the geographic location in which this experience was gained.

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4 Responses to Staining Decks

  1. April says:

    It looks great!

  2. Melvin says:

    Which is better on a new deck made from treated wood, stain or stain and sealer?

  3. Tony Wood says:

    Melvin,
    Either is fine. The primary purpose of stain is to impart color to the deck. The sealant protects it from the elements. Stain will last for many years before it weathers enough to require re-staining. Sealant should be applied ever three or four years to provide continuous protection for the deck.

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